King’s Conceptual System Theory
Introduction: Nursing has undergone many changes over time. Many theories have emerged to help nurses practice. Imogene King is a well-known nursing theorist who developed Conceptual System Theory. This theory provides a structure for understanding the nature of nursing phenomena. It is made up of three interconnected systems: interpersonal, personal and social. The following paper will discuss and explain King’s Conceptual System Theory, how the systems influence goal attainment, how the theory can help define a clinical quality problem, how it can be applied to a potential practice quality improvement initiative within a clinical practice, how a quality committee can align outcomes with King’s Conceptual System Theory, and an additional nursing theory that can align with an improved quality of practice initiative.
Three Systems of King’s Conceptual System Theory The three interacting systems in King’s Conceptual System Theory include the personal, interpersonal, and social systems. The personal system comprises the individual’s perceptions, thoughts, and emotions, which influence their behavior and actions. You can include factors like age, gender, education, culture background and personal experience. For example, a patient’s past experiences with healthcare professionals may influence their perception of nursing care. It includes relationships among individuals such as patients, nurses and families. They can be either formal or informal and are characterised by communication, interaction and shared goals. An example of an interpersonal nursing system is the nurse-patient relationship. The social system also refers to wider contexts in which nursing is performed, including economic, political, cultural and other factors. It encompasses society’s values, norms, and beliefs, which may impact nursing care provision. The impact of cultural beliefs and decisions regarding end-of-life nursing care is one example of the social systems in nursing.
Influence of Systems on Goal Attainment King’s Conceptual System Theory posits that the three systems interact to influence goal attainment in nursing care. The personal system influences the nurse’s perception of the patient’s needs and their motivation to meet those needs. Interpersonal relationships determine the quality and nature of nurse-patient relations and how mutual goals can be achieved. The social system has an impact on the overall context within which nurse-patient relationships occur and can help or hinder the attainment of goals. To achieve the best patient outcomes nurses must recognize the interconnectedness and impact of these systems on patient success.
King’s Theory and Clinical Quality Problem King’s Conceptual System Theory can help define a clinical quality problem by providing a framework for understanding the interactions between the three systems that influence goal attainment. A clinical quality issue in nursing could be ineffective communication between patients and nurses, which can lead to poor outcomes. Using King’s theory, the personal system would involve the nurse’s communication skills and their motivation to engage in effective communication. Interpersonal system refers to the relationship between nurse and patient as well the quality of communication. Finally, the social system includes healthcare policy and regulation that can impact communication. Nursing can identify the causes of the clinical quality problems and develop effective interventions.
King’s Theory and Practice Quality Improvement Initiative King’s Conceptual System Theory can be applied to a potential practice quality improvement initiative by focusing on the interactions between the three systems to achieve the desired outcome. One example of a quality improvement project in nursing would be to implement evidence-based guidelines for prevention of pressure ulcers. The personal system would involve the nurse’s knowledge of evidence-based practice and their motivation to use the guidelines. This system includes the patient-nurse relationship as well communication on prevention of pressure ulcers. Social system includes healthcare regulations and policies that could facilitate or hinder patient care.