What is the role of international, national, non-governmental organizations, military, and other humanitarian actors in humanitarian aid, relief, and response?

What role do international, domestic, and non-governmental agencies play in this?

When there is a complicated emergency, such as war or civil conflict and violence, shelter, food, water and sanitation may not be available, or they could disappear completely. International and national nongovernmental organizations (NGOs), are required to aid in humanitarian relief and assistance during crises. NGO’s have the ability to access resources at both the global and local levels, which helps to streamline efforts in times of crisis. Military forces can bring security expertise to help with dealing with people or difficult situations. They are also able to offer tactical support and leverage their networks to mobilize people or supplies quickly when necessary.

Commercial interests often complicate humanitarian efforts due to the profiteering motives behind donations – especially if goods come with disclaimers about intended use only for certain purposes – thereby forcing individuals receiving goods into situations where those tenets must be followed despite other pressing needs at hand. It is crucial that humanitarian organizations prioritize the health of people affected and not allow commercial interests to hinder progress towards improving their well-being.

South Sudan is one example of an emergency that has been complicated. It gained independence in 2011 after being subject to decades-long civil war. This ushered an era plagued by further instability marked by outbreaks of violence throughout different regions within the country culminating in 2019 with an estimated 5 million individuals internally displaced due to civil unrest & insecurity leaving basic service provisions increasingly scarce amidst this chaos cite{United_Nations_2018a}. Lessons learned include the importance for government stability, economic development initiatives driving uninterrupted service provisioning (including but not limited too healthcare ) , & regional cooperation between neighboring countries along with multilateral organizations like United Nations who have been successful in mitigating consequences from past crises cite{Cramer2015}.

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