Multidimensional care| Multidimensional Care | Rasmussen College System
Anemia is a condition in which there is a decrease in the number of red blood cells or hemoglobin in the blood, resulting in less oxygen being delivered to the body’s tissues. The three treatment strategies for anemia are blood transfusions, iron supplements, and erythropoietin-stimulating agents (ESAs).
A blood transfusion is the process of transferring blood from one person to another. It is usually done when the patient is suffering from severe bleeding or if their body cannot produce sufficient red blood cells. Blood transfusions can provide immediate relief and improve oxygen delivery to the body’s tissues. There are risks to transfusions such as an allergic reaction or transmission of infectious diseases.
Iron supplements can be used to treat iron deficiency anemia. The body can’t produce sufficient red blood cells without iron. Iron is essential for hemoglobin. Iron supplements can help to increase the body’s iron stores and improve the production of red blood cells. Too much iron can cause toxicity and other health problems.
Erythropoietin-stimulating agents (ESAs) are drugs that stimulate the production of red blood cells. ESAs can be used to treat anemia in people with cancer or chronic kidney disease. ESAs have the potential to increase red blood cell production but they can also be dangerous.
There are potential problems with these treatments, such as allergic reactions to blood transfusions and difficulty tolerating iron-supplement supplements. These treatments may not be available to patients due to logistical or financial barriers.
Interventions such as administering antihistamines to patients prior to transfusions, reducing iron supplementation and keeping patients on the monitor for side effects can help overcome this problem. Education of patients about the importance following prescribed treatment and seeking immediate medical attention when there are concerns can help reduce the risk of complications.
Although there may be some challenges in treating anemia there are many effective treatments that can improve the quality and outcomes of patients’ lives.