Three-four-50 is the framework that describes three of the leading causes of death. These are tobacco use, unhealthy eating habits, and physical inactivity. They all lead to four chronic diseases, including stroke, heart disease, cancer and stroke. This accounts for half of all global deaths. The following are the social determinants of your health, which have an impact on these habits:
- Tobacco usage: Many social determinants influence tobacco use, such as peer pressure, cultural and social norms and economic status. Individuals with lower education levels and income may not have access to the best healthcare options, which can make it more difficult to get treatment and support for quitting smoking.
- Poor diet: Social determinants like economic status, education, social norms and availability to healthy foods can lead to unhealthy diets. Low-income residents may not have easy access to healthy foods, which can lead to an increase in unhealthy food consumption.
- Social determinants can influence physical inactivity, such as access to affordable and safe transportation, social status and cultural norms, the built environment and economic status. Individuals who are unable to access safe recreational and parks facilities, for example, may not be as likely to get active.
The social determinants that affect the three behaviors of the 3-4-5-50 model are multifaceted and complex. These determinants require a holistic approach to address. This includes factors like economic status, education, culture, social norms and accessibility to health services. These underlying factors can be addressed by healthcare professionals to decrease the incidence of chronic diseases, and increase overall health outcomes.