Community Education Project: Hypertension for the Older Population
Introduction: Hypertension (or high blood pressure) is a major health issue that has an impact on millions, even the elderly. Healthy People 2020 states that the goal is to lower the number of people 65 years and older with hypertension to 61% by 2020. The elderly are still at high risk of developing hypertension. Therefore, it is important to take effective steps to reduce this problem. This educational community project will develop an action program to decrease hypertension in elderly people by providing education, and encourage healthy lifestyle choices.
Scope and Objectives This project has the following objectives:
- Informing 100 senior citizens aged 65 or older about hypertension.
- In order to lower the chance of developing hypertension, we encourage healthy living habits among our elderly, such as regular exercise and healthy eating habits.
Planning for Implementation: This community education project will take place in a senior community in the center of the city. Two phases will comprise the project: the education phase and the execution phase.
Education Phase: The project team will hold an education session for elderly people in the community during this phase. Information about hypertension will be provided, including its risk factors and complications. A licensed nurse who has experience with hypertension management will deliver the educational session. It will take approximately one hour to complete the session in a group setting. These topics will be covered in the educational session:
- Hypertension: Definition
- Risk factors for hypertension
- Hypertension complications
- Lifestyle modifications to reduce hypertension
- Treatments for hypertension with medication
Each resident will have to attend twice the education session.
Phase II: The implementation phase is where the team implements a variety of activities that promote healthy living habits and lower hypertension in the older population. They will consist of:
- Regular exercise encouraged: Residents will be provided with information by the project team about local exercise programs, including walking groups, yoga classes, water aerobics, and other activities.
- Promote healthy eating habits. The project team works with the community kitchen staff in order to design a healthy meal plan that’s low in sodium, high in vegetables and fruits, as well as whole grains.
- Relaxation techniques and stress management: Residents will be provided with information by the project team about relaxation techniques such as deep breathing, meditation, or mediation.
Budget: This project will cost $5,000. It will include the costs of education materials, program materials and staff time.
Justification This project addresses this problem by educating and encouraging healthy lifestyle choices in the elderly population. It will reduce hypertension’s prevalence and complications.
Description of the Teaching Materials: Handouts, brochures and posters will all be used in this educational session. Project team will develop the materials based upon current guidelines for hypertension management.
Nursing Actions/Interventions: The following nursing actions/interventions will be implemented to achieve the project goals and objectives:
- Conducting a comprehensive assessment of the elderly population’s health status, including blood pressure readings, medical history, and medication use.
- Assist residents suffering from hypertension by developing individualized plans and continuing monitoring.
- To promote prevention and hypertension management, education and support should be given to the caregivers as well as their family members.
- Working with local resources like