International Comparison of Data The World Health Organization’s “Statistical Information System” is an interactive database that allows you to compare health indicators for multiple countries. For this Assignment, you will compare data from the two countries (Turkey and Pakistan) you selected for the Discussion with the United States (i.e., compare the same countries (Turkey and Pakistan)  in both the Discussion and the Assignment). In preparation for this Assignment, consider the value of using standardized quantitative health measures or indicators to compare information internationally. Examine the definitions of indicators presented in the Learning Resources, including pages 55–62 of the Shi and Singh (2015) textbook. Use the WHO website found in this week’s Learning Resources to examine country statistics and profiles. Create a table to record data related to three health indicators for the three countries (i.e., the two (Turkey and Pakistan) you have selected to compare with the United States, for a total of three countries) as illustrated in the Week 6 Example document (located in the Learning Resources). Once your table is complete, compare the data and analyze it in light of the information presented in this week’s Learning Resources and the research you conducted for the Discussion. What insights does this comparison give you about health and disease within the U.S. health care delivery system and the systems of the two (Turkey and Pakistan) other countries you selected? The Assignment Write a paper in which you: ·         Identify the two (Turkey and Pakistan) countries that you are comparing with the United States. ·         Define the three health indicators you have selected for your analysis and explain why you chose them. ·         Include the table you created to record and compare your data. ·         Summarize the results of your comparison, sharing at least two insights that you gained through this analysis of health and disease in the United States and your two selected countries. General Guidance on Assignment Length: Your Assignment should be 2–3 pages, excluding a title page and references. Refer to the Week 6 Assignment Rubric for grading elements and criteria. Your Instructor will use the rubric to assess your work. Required Resources Readings ·         Shi, L., & Singh, D. (2015). Delivering health care in America: A systems approach (6th ed.). Burlington, MA: Jones & Bartlett. o    Review Chapter 1, “An Overview of US Health Care Delivery” (pp. 20–28) o    Chapter 2, “Beliefs, Values, and Health” (pp. 52–73) o    Review Chapter 13, “Health Policy” (pp. 510–531) o    Chapter 14, “The Future of Health Services Delivery” (pp. 557–558) Use the following websites as needed to identify countries on which to focus in your Discussion postings and the Assignment: ·         The International Statistical Institute. (2015). Developing countries. Retrieved from https://www.isi-web.org/index.php/resources/developing-countries ·         The World Bank. (n.d.). Country and lending groups. Retrieved March 27, 2015, from http://data.worldbank.org/about/country-and-lending-groups Use the following website to conduct research on health system characteristics for your Discussion postings: ·         OECD. (n.d.). Retrieved March 27, 2015, from http://www.oecd.org Use the following resources for the Assignment: ·         World Health Organization. (n.d.). Countries. Retrieved from http://www.who.int/countries/en/ ·         Document: Week 6 Example (PDF) Optional Resources ·         Central Intelligence Agency. (2014). The world factbook. Retrieved from https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/ ·         The Commonwealth Fund. (2013). International profiles of health care systems, 2013. Retrieved from http://www.commonwealthfund.org/~/media/files/publications/fund-report/2013/nov/1717_thomson_intl_profiles_hlt_care_sys_2013_v2.pdf ·         The Commonwealth Fund. (2015). Country comparison. Retrieved from http://www.commonwealthfund.org/interactives-and-data/us-compare-interactive#?ind=4&compare=CAN ·         The Henry J. Kaiser Family Foundation. (n.d.). Global health policy. Retrieved March 27, 2015, from http://globalhealth.kff.org/ ·         Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation. (n.d.). Retrieved March 27, 2015, from http://www.gatesfoundation.org/

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Health indicator comparison between the United States and Turkey

Introduction: Human health is an important aspect of our lives that can have a significant impact on the quality of life. Different health indicators can measure the health status of a person, such as their life expectancy and infant mortality rates. These indicators can be used to assess the health of an entire population, as well as to help compare it to other countries. We will use three health indicators as a basis to compare Pakistan, Turkey and the United States. This allows us to see how the countries’ health is compared.

Country Comparison: This paper compares the United States with Turkey and Pakistan. The United States has an established health system and is considered to be a developing country. Turkey and Pakistan on the other side are both considered to be developing countries with a weaker health system.

Health Indicators: Three health indicators will be used for comparison between the three countries.

  1. Life expectancy: This is the expected life span of a person in a country. This is an indicator of the health and well-being of a community.
  2. Infant Mortality Ratio: The rate at which infants die each 1000 live births.
  3. Maternal mortality rate: The number of maternal deaths due to causes other than pregnancy per 100,000 live births.

Table:

Country Life Expectancy (years) Infant Mortality Rate (per 1,000 live births). The Maternal Mortality Ratio (per 100,000 live-born babies)
United States 78.7 5.7 14
Turkey 75.4 19.2 38
Pakistan 66.8 66 261

Comparative and insights

  1. Life expectancy: At 78.7, the United States has the longest life expectancy of all three countries. Turkey’s life expectancy is slightly lower at 75.4 years while Pakistan’s life expectancy is at 66.8. The United States has a better health situation than Pakistan and Turkey, which indicates its superiority in terms of overall quality of life.
  2. Infant Mortality: In the United States, the infant mortality rate is 5.7 deaths for every 1000 live births. This is not as high as in other two countries. Turkey’s infant mortality rate is 19.2 per 1000 livebirths. Pakistan, however, has the highest rate at 66 per 1000 livebirths. The infant mortality rate is much higher in Pakistan than it is in Turkey and the United States.
  3. Maternal Mortality: In the United States, the maternal mortality rate is just 14 per 100,000 live-born babies. It is quite low in comparison to other nations. Turkey has 38 maternal deaths per 100,000 births. Pakistan, however, has 261 maternal deaths per 100,000 births. This shows that Pakistan’s maternal mortality rate has a significantly higher level than the United States or Turkey.

Conclusion: The health indicators examined in this paper show that Americans are healthier than those in Turkey and Pakistan. The United States is more likely to live longer than Turkey or Pakistan, has lower infant mortality rates, and has lower maternal deaths. These findings provide information about the health care system of these countries. It also highlights the necessity to improve it in order to decrease infant and maternal deaths rates, and increase the life expectancy in Turkey.

 

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