In a 3-page paper, written in APA format using proper spelling/grammar, research the topic of eating disorders and address the following:


Millions of people around the world are affected by eating disorders. While they share many symptoms, bulimia and anorexia, these eating disorders are not the same. They have different diagnosis criteria, prevalence and effects. This paper compares and contrasts bulimianervosa to bulimia. The authors will discuss the risk factors, the symptoms, the consequences, the diagnosis criteria, and the treatment and support options available for people who have these eating disorders.

Comparative and Contrast between Anorexia Nervosa & Bulimia Nervosa

Both bulimia-nervosa (or anorexia) and bulimia, a form of eating disorder that causes a deformed body and poor eating habits. They are both different in the ways they present. Anorexia Nervosa manifests as restrictive eating and an extreme fear of weight gain. People with anorexia may have low body weights that could be dangerous. Bulimia nervosa, on the other hand, is marked by binge-eating or purging cycles. Binge eating episodes are when you eat large amounts of food in a very short time. Then, there is self-induced vomiting and the use laxatives to stop weight gain.

Are Anorexia Nervosa Or Bulimia Nervosa More Common? Why?

Females are more likely to experience anorexia than their male counterparts. Bulimia nervosa is most common during early adulthood or adolescence. Anorexia and bulimia are more common among younger women than those who have been diagnosed with them. While the cause of eating disorders remains unknown, there are many factors that can influence their development. These include genetic, biological and psychological factors, as well as social factors. The pressure to meet society’s unrealistic standards of beauty, trauma, low self-esteem, and family history of eating disorders can also increase the risk of developing an eating disorder.

Anorexia Nervosa and its Causes

Researchers aren’t sure what causes anorexia. However, they believe that genetic, biological and environmental factors may play a role in its development. Anorexia may result from brain chemical imbalances, like serotonin or dopamine which control mood, appetite and emotions. The risk of developing anorexia is also linked to genetics. Those with a family history are at greater risk. Environmental factors, such as trauma, negative body image, and pressure to meet society’s beauty standards, can also contribute to the development of anorexia nervosa.

The Consequences Of Eating Disorders

Eating disorders may have severe psychological and physical effects. Anorexia Nervosa may lead to dehydration and malnutrition. This can cause damage to vital organs like the brain, heart and kidneys. Anorexia can lead to infertility and osteoporosis. Bulimia Nervosa may cause dental and gastrointestinal issues, as well as electrolyte imbalances that can result in seizures or heart failure. Psychological problems like depression and anxiety can be caused by eating disorders, such as obsessive compulsive disorder (OCD), or anxiety.

Diagnostics for Eating Disorders

It can be difficult to diagnose eating disorders because many sufferers may avoid seeking help, or try to conceal their problems. Healthcare professionals have many tools available to help diagnose eating disorders. These include psychological evaluations and blood tests. A common diagnostic tool is the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders 5 (DSM-5).

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