Identify two Evidence Based Practice models

EBP (evidence-based practice) refers to a healthcare approach that encourages use of best research evidence when making clinical decisions. Many models of evidence-based practice (EBP) have been created over the years to assist healthcare professionals in incorporating research evidence into their practices. The following EBP models are most commonly employed:

  1. Marita Titler and her colleagues from the University of Iowa created The Iowa Model of EBP. This model was first developed in 1994. It is a six-stage process that enables EBP to be implemented in healthcare environments. The Iowa Model includes the following stages: (1) Problem identification and prioritization; (2) Evidence Synthesis and (3) Feasibility and Impact Analysis, (4) Implementation Planning, (5) Implementation, and (6) Evaluation. All stakeholders should participate in EBP processes, from healthcare providers to patients.
  2. In the 2000s, Gill Harvey, Brendan McCormack and Alison Kitson developed The PARIHS Model. This model promotes Action on Research Implementation for Health Services (PARIHS). The model emphasizes three essential elements of successful EBP implementation. (1) Evidence, (2) Context, and (3) Facilitation. PARIHS models suggest that EBP implementation is dependent on the quality of evidence and context. Healthcare professionals also need to be supported in using this evidence. PARIHS models are often used as a guideline for the design of EBP interventions in healthcare environments.
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