Identify the research problem.

Identify the components of research, as listed in the template

Article Selected: Sousa, J.P., & Santos, M. (2019). Heart failure patients: Hospital readmissions and management of symptoms. Portugal, a qualitative study. Critical Care Nurse Quarterly 42(1): 81-88.

Research Components:

  1. Recognize the problem. This study focuses on the management of symptoms and readmissions in patients with heart failure.
  2. Recognize the purpose of your research. It is intended to investigate the experiences of patients suffering from heart disease regarding symptoms management and readmission.
  3. Take a look at the literature. The literature review in this study discusses the prevalence and incidence of heart failure, the impact of symptoms on the patient’s quality of life, and the importance of symptom management to prevent hospital readmissions.
  4. Recognize the theoretical or nursing perspective.  This study does not specify the theoretical perspective.
  5. Define the hypotheses and research questions. This study focuses on the following research questions: (1) How can heart failure patients manage their symptoms? (2) What factors are associated with hospital readmissions in heart failure patients?
  6. Name the variables. This study’s independent variable is symptom management. Hospital readmission is the dependent variable.
  7. Discuss and identify the limitations of the design. The qualitative research approach was used in this study to explore the perceptions and experiences of patients with heart failure regarding hospital readmission and symptom management.
  8. Please describe the data collection procedures. Interviews with patients suffering from heart failure were used to gather the data. Audio-recorded interviews with heart failure patients were used to record the face-to-face conversations.
  9. The validity and reliability are discussed. This study didn’t use any particular instruments, tools or surveys. Multiple coders were used to verify the validity and reliability the data from the in-depth interviews.
  10. Please describe the final sample. In this study, 13 people with heart disease were included in the final sample. They were all admitted to a Portuguese cardiology unit.
  11. Take the data and summarize it using statistical analysis. These results showed that patients suffering from heart failure have trouble managing their symptoms. This leads to hospital readmissions. To analyze data from interviews, the authors applied content analysis.
  12. Examine the significance of this study. The question was it answered? The study’s findings contribute to a better understanding of the experiences of heart failure patients regarding symptom management and hospital readmission. While the results of the study were not conclusive, they highlighted the need to improve symptom management for heart failure patients in order to reduce hospital readmissions.
  13. The legal and ethical aspects of your study should be discussed. Discuss the protection of human subjects as well as their use. The study received ethical approval from the hospital’s ethics committee, and all participants provided written informed consent. Authors ensured anonymity and confidentiality for all participants.
  14. Please describe any cultural aspects that were part of this study. The study was conducted in Portugal, and cultural factors may have influenced the participants’ experiences and perceptions of symptom management and hospital readmission.
  15. Please describe how the research results may impact your future nursing practice. This study could inform future interventions that improve the management of heart failure patients’ symptoms and reduce hospital readmissions.
  16. Use the information to improve your nursing practice. My personal experience and opinions are not my own. The results may still encourage nurses to better assess and treat patients with heart failure to reduce hospital readmissions.
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