How do acute cases differ from chronic cases in primary care management?

Discuss board on Mn610: What is the difference between acute and chronic cases?

In primary care, acute cases refer to situations that are urgent and require immediate attention. This includes colds and flu, severe injuries, trauma, and minor trauma, and exacerbations or chronic conditions like asthma and COPD. In these cases, it is important to act quickly in order to correct the situation and prevent any further complications. In many instances, these cases may be managed with a combination of medications and lifestyle interventions in order to return the patient’s condition back to baseline.

In order to be a primary care nurse practitioner, you must have an in-depth knowledge of diseases and their treatment. It is essential to be able to apply evidence-based treatment for acute conditions and provide support to patients and their families when they are afraid by changes in health. Additionally, nurse practitioners should have excellent communication skills which enable them to effectively determine treatment plans based on individualized needs through careful listening and assessing each patient’s unique situation without ignoring symptoms or dismissing underlying causes for concern.

In comparison to chronic cases which often need ongoing monitoring over an extended period of time—sometimes for years—acute cases tend to be more time sensitive due to their rapid progression from symptom onset until resolution; this requires close supervision from trained providers like nurse practitioners who can ensure that any potential risks associated with timely diagnosis are addressed promptly in order to prevent long term damage/disability (Baptista et al.,2017). The proper training in clinical decision-making models is designed to manage acute cases within primary care settings. This allows advanced practice nurses like Nurse Practitioners to positively add meaningful healthcare system resources necessary for addressing accessibility delays (Ruhl and al., 2016).

References:
Baptista JN et al.(2017)ClinicianEncountering AcuteCasesin PrimaryHealth CareRev Bras de Enferm 60(5supp): 22–28

Ruhl CEetal.(2016) CurrentStateofPrimaryCarePracticeandTrainingIntheUnitedStates JournalofGraduateMedicalEducation 8(1): 28–38 doi: 10 2338/jgme-d-15-00421

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