Describe the use of nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs, cyclooxygenase-2 inhibitors, disease-modifying antirheumatic drugs, and corticosteroids for bone and joint inflammation.

Baltimore Community College | Paramacology | Baltimore community college

A group of drugs that work together to lower inflammation, pain, and fever is called nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug (NSAIDs). They inhibit the production of certain enzymes called cyclooxygenases. Ibuprofen and aspirin are common NSAIDs. Additionally, COX-2 inhibitors – such as celecoxib – have been developed in order to reduce gastrointestinal side effects associated with traditional NSAIDs.

These drugs, known as Disease-Modifying Antirheumatic Drugs (DMARDs), are stronger agents that slow down the progression and damage to joints caused by rheumatic conditions such as rheumatoid. They are used when other treatment options (e.g. NSAIDs), have failed or for more severe cases of the disease.

Finally, corticosteroids are another type of medication which can be prescribed for bone and joint inflammation due to their ability to decrease inflammation while also suppressing the immune system’s response; thus providing relief from symptoms such swelling. These drugs could have dangerous side effects, so it’s important that you only take them under medical supervision.

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