Describe the scientific rigor associated with quantitative and qualitative research and the importance of reliability, validity in quantitative research,  and trustworthiness in qualitative research.

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Quantitative research focuses on the use of statistics and numbers with scientific rigor. This ensures that data is reliable and valid. For data analysis and collection, the researcher should use rigorous methods such as experimentation or surveys. It is also important to collect sufficient data from participants for quantitative research in order to be able to generalize the results beyond their immediate context.
Qualitative research is more focused on understanding the meaning of experiences, thoughts, and emotions. This type of research replaces validity and reliability with trustworthiness. Trustworthiness refers to how well researchers capture their participants’ views accurately in order to create meaningful interpretations of the data. The goal is to build trust with the participants and allow them freedom to share honest answers. This also includes careful observation methods that minimize biases. Quantitative and qualitative research both rely on scientific rigor when it comes to data collection and analysis. But, depending on their specific focus, each method prioritizes different aspects.

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