Describe the pre-transfusion assessments & nursing care that is necessary for patients who are to receive a blood transfusion. See Chart 32-2. 

Hematologic Blood Unit | Nursing homework help

Chapter 32: Assessment of Hematologic Function & Treatment Modalities

  1. Pre-transfusion assessments include checking the patient’s vital signs, confirming blood transfusion orders, verifying the patient’s identity, and obtaining informed consent. Nurse care includes explaining the process to the patient and checking for any signs of transfusion reaction.
  2. Nursing care involved when initiating a blood transfusion includes verifying the blood product, checking the patient’s identity, starting the transfusion slowly, and monitoring for any adverse reactions. Before hanging the transfusion and beginning it, additional checks should be made to verify compatibility between the product and patient. Also, check the expiration dates of blood products and ensure that they have been stored properly.
  3. Nursing care involved following completion of a blood transfusion includes monitoring the patient for adverse reactions, documenting the transfusion in the patient’s medical record, and disposing of the equipment used for the transfusion properly.
  4. Itching, fever, itching, itching, hypotension, chest pains or back pains are all possible signs and symptoms of transfusion reactions.
  5. The nurse should immediately stop giving transfusions to patients who are suffering from transfusion reactions.

Chapter 33: Treatment of patients with nonmalignant hematologic disorders

  1. Anemia occurs when the body doesn’t have enough red cells to transport oxygen to its tissues. Anemia can be caused by blood loss, decreased red cell production and greater red cell destruction.
  2. Anemia risk factors include anemia due to poor diet, diabetes, chronic illnesses, blood loss and genetics.
  3. Aemia can be characterized by fatigue, anemia, dizziness, weakness, quick heartbeat and pale skin.
  4. Hemoglobin, hemoglobin, and red blood cells count are all used in laboratory tests to diagnose anemia.
  5. Anemia due to iron-deficiency is anemia that is caused by an inability of iron to make hemoglobin.
  6. Iron supplementation is the primary method of treating iron-deficiency. This treatment method is primarily used to treat iron-deficiency anemia. Patients should follow the instructions and take their medication with vitamin C.
  7. Red meats, red fish, chicken, eggs, beans and leafy green veggies are all good options for iron.
  8. Megaloblastic anemia is caused by deficiency in vitamin B12 and folic acids.
  9. Poor diet, excessive alcohol consumption, pregnant women, certain medications, and other risk factors can all increase the likelihood of folic acid deficiency.
  10. Megaloblastic megaloblastic anemia can be called pernicious. It is caused by vitamin B12 deficiency.
  11. Pernicious anemia symptoms include fatigue, weakness and tingling in your feet and hands.
  12. Supplementation of vitamin B12 or Folic acid is an option for pernicious and folic acids deficiency. The following are some patient teaching points about this treatment option: Make sure to follow all instructions, warn patients about side effects, such as diarrhea and nausea, and ensure that your diet contains adequate amounts of vitamins.
  13. Fortified cereals, leafy vegetables, eggs and milk are some of the foods that contain high levels of folic Acid or Vitamin B12.
  14. Sickle cell disease is an inheritance blood condition in which abnormal hemoglobin levels cause red blood cells to go missing.
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