Because global warming has such a significant impact on the environment and humans, it is among the most debated topics in science. It is crucial to assess both the scientific background and human contribution to global warming in order to fully understand the phenomenon. The paper compares natural and anthropogenic climate change, takes a stand on whether global warming is occurring, reviews current mitigation strategies and offers suggestions for policy changes to help stabilize the global climate.
Understanding the differences between natural and anthropogenic changes in climate is essential. Natural climate changes refer to changes in the Earth’s climate that are caused by natural phenomena, such as volcanic eruptions, solar radiation, and ocean currents. A natural climate shift is illustrated by the Little Ice Age. It was a result of an increase in solar radiation. A second example is the Medieval Warm Period which occurred in the 9th through the 14th century. It was also caused by an increase of solar radiation.
On the other hand, anthropogenic climate changes refer to changes in the Earth’s climate that are caused by human activities, such as the burning of fossil fuels, deforestation, and land use changes. The increase in atmospheric carbon dioxide is an example of an “anthropogenic” climate change. It is caused primarily by fossil fuel burning. The increase in global temperature is another example, which is also a result of the increasing greenhouse gas concentrations.
Global warming, in my view, is happening. This position is supported by several evidence. The first is that global temperatures have increased over the last century. These past decades are the warmest ever recorded. This warming trend is consistent with the increase in greenhouse gas concentrations in the atmosphere, which trap heat from the sun and warm the Earth’s surface. A second indicator of the warming trend is the clear rise in severe weather events such as floods, heatwaves, droughts and flooding. The warming trend is also evident in the retreating of snow and ice cover across many regions of the globe, including the Arctic and Antarctica.
There have been several options for reducing global warming. These strategies include carbon sequestration, and taxing carbon. Carbon sequestration involves the capture and storage of carbon dioxide underground. This includes depleted oil fields and natural gas fields. Although this strategy works well in reducing carbon dioxide emission, it can be very costly and difficult to implement. To provide an incentive to individuals and businesses to lower their carbon dioxide emission, carbon taxing is a policy where a tax will be imposed on them. While this strategy reduces carbon dioxide emissions effectively, it can also increase energy costs and lead to unintended economic consequences.
My proposed policies for stabilizing global climate would include carbon sequestration combined with carbon taxing. Additionally, I will propose higher standards for business sectors responsible for most carbon dioxide emission, including power generation, transport, and the industrial sector. The nations responsible for the largest amount of carbon dioxide emissions are the United States and China. I also advocate for stricter standards. In addition, I favor more investments in renewable energy sources such as wind and solar power and energy efficiency measures like appliances and buildings that are energy-efficient.
Conclusion: Global warming is an incredibly complex phenomenon with a large impact on humans and the environment.