Advance nursing research (recruiting participants for your ebp


This section discusses the ethical and planned recruitment for the proposed study on mindfulness-based stress reduction programs in decreasing anxiety levels in cardiac rehabilitation patients. A sample of adults who have had coronary artery bypass surgery (CABG), and are now enrolled in a heart rehabilitation program, will be recruited for the study. Here are the details of the proposed recruitment strategy. The study setting and ethical considerations (including informed consent and protection for human subjects) are also described.


Recruitment Strategy: The study participants will be selected from the cardiac rehabilitation program of a major teaching hospital in northeast. In order to find eligible participants, the principal investigator and program coordinator will team up. Potential participants will be screened for eligibility and given a description of the study by the coordinator. If anyone expresses interest, the principal investigator will contact them to give more information or answer questions.

Adult patients aged 18 years or older will be included in the study. They must have had CABG surgery within six months. The participants must speak fluent English and be capable of giving informed consent. They also need to agree to eight sessions that focus on mindfulness-based stress relief.

Criteria for Exclusion: Participants who have a history or cognitive impairment that could prevent them participating in this study, as well as patients with any psychiatric disorders, will not be allowed to participate. Participants who previously took part in mindfulness-based stress relief programs will be exempt.

Sample Type: This sample is purposive and will only include patients who have met the inclusion criteria.

For this study, a sample of 30 people is recommended. These numbers are based upon previous studies which used similar sizes and showed significantly lower anxiety in patients undergoing cardiac rehabilitation (Jain, Loucks, et. al. 2015). In addition, a sample size of 30 will provide adequate statistical power to detect a medium effect size (Cohen’s d = 0.5) with a two-tailed alpha level of 0.05 and power of 0.80.

Selection Method: Based on the above inclusion and exclusion criteria, participants will be chosen using non-random sampling methods.


Study will be conducted in the proposed location of the cardiac rehabilitation program at an academic hospital. Study will be held in the private conference room of the rehabilitation center. To ensure mindfulness practice, the actual setting will be decided in consultation with the program coordinator.

Ethical and informed consent

Before the study can begin, approval must be received from the Institutional Review Board. Before the study can begin, the principal investigator should submit a request and proposal to IRB at Regis College. The IRB usually needs to approve the location where the study is taking place after approval by Regis College. As the study presents minimal risk, expedited review is possible. All participants will have to give informed consent. They will also be informed about their rights to withdraw at any point without being penalized.

Participants’ identifying data will remain confidential and private, as well as informed consent documents. They will keep their data in a separate file from any de-identified data such demographics, surveys and transcripts to protect privacy. The data will be stored in a locked file in the researcher’s locked office for the duration of the study and for a period of seven years after completion, as required by the hospital’s policy on retention of research records.


Here you will find information about the plan for recruitment, exclusion criteria and sample size.

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