A minimum of 700 words is required (excluding the first and reference page).  Please make sure to follow the instructions as given and use either spell-check or Grammarly before you post your assignment.

In the community, disaster management and homelessness

  1. Major Health Issues among Homeless Aggregates

The United States is plagued by homelessness. It affects individuals, families and entire communities. The major problems facing homeless people in my area are mental illness and substance abuse. They also have chronic diseases such as infectious diseases. With a high rate of anxiety, depression and post-traumatic stress disorder, mental illness is a major health problem among homeless people. A lot of homeless suffer from substance abuse, which includes opioid addiction. Poor nutrition, poor living conditions and lack of health care are all factors that contribute to chronic diseases such as diabetes and hypertension. Because they are exposed to unsafe conditions and have no access to health care, HIV/AIDS, hepatitis C and tuberculosis are all common among homeless.

  1. Factors That Lead to Homelessness

There are many factors that contribute to the homelessness of our community. These include economic hardship, not enough affordable housing and mental illness. Due to high housing costs in the community, many people are not able to afford their rent and mortgage payments. This leads to homelessness. Mental illness is a common problem for homeless persons, and it can be difficult to keep employment or maintain stable living arrangements. Homelessness can also be caused by substance addiction or drug abuse. These individuals are unable to find stable employment.

  1. The Stages of Disaster Management

The critical element of emergency preparedness and public health is disaster management. There are four stages to disaster management: prevention, preparedness and response. Preventing potential disasters involves taking preventative measures and identifying hazards before they turn into catastrophes. Preparation involves creating emergency plans and training staff to ensure that the necessary resources are readily available for a natural disaster. Implementing emergency plans is key to providing aid and assistance for victims of disasters. Recovery involves providing assistance and support to the victims of the disaster and restoring vital services and infrastructure.

  1. Effect of disasters on communities

Communities are affected by disasters in many ways, including their economic, psychological, and physical effects. Physical effects include injury, illness and death as well damage to property and infrastructure. Anxiety, depression, PTSD and other mental problems can be caused by disasters, especially for those who have suffered trauma or losses. Additionally, disasters may have an economic impact on the economy, causing loss of income, business damage, or increased healthcare expenses.

Homelessness and disaster management, in conclusion, are important public health problems that need effective solutions. The homeless are a major problem for the overall health of communities and individuals. Homelessness can be caused by economic hardships, inability to afford housing and mental illnesses. With the goal of minimizing the effects of disasters, disaster management includes preparedness, recovery and response. Effective disaster management strategies are essential because of the impact that disasters have on people.

References:

National Alliance to End Homelessness. (2021). The State of Homelessness: Edition 2021. Retrieved from https://endhomelessness.org/homelessness-in-america/homelessness-statistics/state-of-homelessness-2021/

World Health Organization. (2019). Management of natural disasters. Retrieved from https://www.who.int/hac/techguidance/preparedness/disaster_management/en/

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